Extraction is considered an irreversible procedure, as once a tooth is removed, it cannot grow back. Extractions are used to remove teeth that cannot be restored with fillings, crowns, or other methods. If the decay is too severe, the teeth may be so loose that they cannot be saved. Additionally, impacted teeth can cause discomfort or pain and need to be removed.
When is an extraction necessary?
There are a few reasons why someone might need an extraction. The first reason is if a tooth has become impacted, which means the tooth cannot break through the gums because it is blocked by another tooth or bone. Impacted teeth can cause swelling, pain, and possibly an infection.
Another reason for extraction is if the tooth is severely damaged and cannot be saved. Sometimes, extraction is necessary when the teeth are overcrowded. If a tooth is impacted or crowded, the dentist may recommend extracting the teeth to avoid further dental issues.
How are tooth extractions performed?
Before tooth extraction, your dentist will thoroughly numb the area with a local anesthetic. We may also apply an anesthetic gel to the gums and tooth socket. Local anesthetics usually cause numbness in the jaw, lip, tongue, and cheeks, so your dentist may also use sedatives to make you feel drowsy and relaxed.
Once the sedative has taken effect, we will hold the tooth using dental forceps and loosen the tooth from its socket. As the tooth becomes free from the surrounding tissues, we will remove the tooth in its entirety. You wouldn’t any pain, but just a sense of pressure.
Will the tooth be replaced?
In many cases, the tooth will be replaced. This can be done with an implant, dental bridge, or partial denture. A dental implant is a restoration that is implanted into the jaw in the place of a missing tooth. The implant acts as a placeholder for a replacement tooth. The dental implant is surgically placed into the jaw, where it fuses with the bone and acts as a replacement tooth. A dental bridge can be used to replace a missing tooth. A bridge consists of one or more artificial teeth that are fused together, which fill the space left by a missing tooth. A bridge is anchored to the surrounding teeth.
What needs to be done after tooth extraction?
Once the tooth is extracted, you will need to follow a few instructions to ensure proper healing:
- Bite down gently but firmly on the gauze pad placed over the extraction site. If the bleeding or oozing still persists, place another gauze pad and bite firmly for another 30 minutes.
- Do not rinse your mouth for the first 24 hours or while there is bleeding. After 24 hours, rinse very gently with lukewarm salt water (1 teaspoon of salt in 8 ounces of water) every 30 minutes for the next 24 hours.
- Do not smoke, rinse your mouth vigorously, or drink through a straw for the first 48 hours. These activities can dislodge the clot and slow down healing. You may drink liquids such as fruit juices, sports drinks, and water, but avoid hot liquids and alcoholic beverages.
- Take the medication for pain as prescribed.
- Keep physical activities to a minimum immediately following surgery.
- Restrict your activities that day. Resume normal activities when you feel comfortable unless otherwise directed.
- Eat any nourishing food that can be taken with comfort. Do not use a straw for the first few days, as the sucking motion can cause more bleeding by dislodging the clot. Drink from a glass.
- Take pain medication before the anesthesia wears off.
- Nausea may occur after surgery, and pain medication may cause nausea and vomiting. You should prevent dehydration by drinking fluids regularly.
- Use an ice pack (externally) on the cheek in the area of surgery.
To find out more about the dental services offered at Day Dental Implants and Dentures, call (701) 888-9222 or schedule an online consultation. You can also visit us at 5120 Prosperity Way Ste. 108, Fargo, ND.